Prepare for winter running gear, brake system and transmission
How to prepare your car for the cold.
Cold day, light snow, pricipally the road and the pits on it. Do not fit into a sharp turn, the car goes into a skid, hits a bump and ends up somewhere on the roadside with a flat tire. This is the best. At worst, to bend the disc and knocked out a support. A familiar situation? No doubt. Indeed, in such “adventures” visited almost every motorist. Of course, in many ways, the reason these situations — bad weather and complex road conditions. But if the chassis of the car will be thoroughly prepared for the winter, the degree caused to the car injuries will be much less. If not lucky “steer” sound.
To drive a car before the onset of cold weather on pit and fully test “hodovku” is a commandment of any driver. No matter he drives a brand new Mercedes-Benz or battered “Tavria”. The mechanic should check the angles of the front wheels, the stiffness of the springs, condition of springs, struts and shock absorbers, worn brake discs and brake pads, to diagnose steering gear (levers, thrust), as well as to ensure that the tires are not “bald”, and wheels is not deformed. If some of the parts have a complaint –it is very desirable not to save and replace (for example, pads or shock absorbers). But even when everything is in order, just to be sure it will not be superfluous to do the alignment and balance the wheels.
Brake discs and pads
Special attention should be paid to the brake system. First and foremost, discs and pads. Depending on the model of car, conditions and driving behavior, their life ranges from 60 to 90 thousand km, When the discs are worn on their edges, formed a distinctive bumpers that literally “kill” the brake pads. In addition, there is a “hitting” the brake pedal while pressing on it (especially when you need to brake quickly and dramatically). The pads are even smaller – 20-30 thousand km a Symptom of their generation becomes thin shrill squeak during braking, and sluggish reaction of the car on the brake pedal in principle. By the way, when the vehicle mileage about 100 thousand. km and more, with a high probability along with shoes have to change the caliper.
How the car will behave on the road and to react on the brake pedal, also depends on the brake fluid. Manufacturers recommend to pour it every 30-40 thousand km, or not less than every two years. Auto bad brakes? Reluctantly listens to the brake pedal? Also a clear sign that you should change the brake fluid. A replacement may be required and in that case, if it is leaking brake fluid. To find out, at the time of diagnosis in one HUNDRED it is necessary to measure its level. If the anthers brake cylinders there are obvious signs of brake fluid, the depressurization of the system is obvious. So, for starters, you need to fix the problem and eliminate the “flow”, then have to pour new liquid.
Along with the chassis of the car, it is very important before winter to ensure flawless operation of the transmission. It’s no wonder the owners of cars with a mechanical transmission called clutch second brake, which often helps to avoid accidents. So, if there’s even the slightest claim to the drivetrain (bad “stuck” transmission, the clutch is smoothly etc.) – pass a thorough “examination” at auto masters, but at the same time changing the oil in the gearbox, as it extends the life of its parts and the budget of the vehicle owner from expensive repairs.