“Blurred boundaries”: how is the class of car

“Blurred boundaries”: how is the class of car

Single standard in the world just yet.

Any car enthusiast can hear a combination of “class of vehicle”. But how and on what parameters it correctly to define, they do not know everything. Experts tell us what systems of classification exist.

Single standard in the world just yet. In different countries and even different organizations use their own classification system for cars. So, for example, in the United States and our country are one and the same car can get into different segments. “Matiz” we have included in the small class, in America — in subcompact, and, for example, in Japan — in a compact. See where and what criteria to adhere to.


In 1966 in the Soviet Union took the branch normal “Classification and designation system of automotive rolling stock.” Parameters were two — engine displacement and dry weight, i.e. weight of car without fluids. Them and determined the class of the machine. First, it is very small, meant that the car has an engine capacity of 1.2 liters, and the weight does not exceed 799 lbs. In these figures fits, for example, the “Tavria”. The second is a small class — the most popular. The motors in these machines — from 1.3 to 1.8 liter, a dry weight of from 800 to 1149 kg. Then went medium, large and upper classes. Remarkably, in the last displacement and mass are not regulated. This included small-scale limousines for the first persons of the state.

In accordance with the classification models of all Soviet enterprises of the automobile industry was designated in the same way. First is the abbreviation of the manufacturer, then car class, then type, and finally the sequential number of the model. However, in modern models of the old system is almost not used. Speaking about the classes of vehicle in our country and fans, and professionals tend more to the European system.


Although the classification of the European Commission — the most needed in the world is she more popular than the other. In fact, even in the official documents of the EU about the distribution of the misty stated bluntly: “the Boundaries between segments are fuzzy, classification is based not only on length or volume. Play the role of the price, positioning and a set of components”. No commitment and hard rules. Letter designation: A-class, B-class and so on. And over time the distinction has become increasingly arbitrary. With the release of new generation models vary in size, but the class remains. It turns out that the length and volume it is necessary to define a segment higher, but the manufacturer is committed to another positioning. Or even a new model comes out, a large, spacious, but budget and technically weak. For example, prominent representatives of the B-class in Russia — Volkswagen Polo Sedan and Renault Logan — length much outgrown the level, informally designated within the boundaries of the 3.6–3.9 meters. That is all very conditional and comes in handy is that by the brands or journalists to compare models with each other. By the way, the distribution among crossovers and SUVs in the European system itself is not at all.


But a comprehensive classification for all sizes there are in America. Here are generally more precise boundaries, globally installed back in 1985. Although they are very tentative and the times change. Unlike other countries, the Americans took the so-called the amount of usable space and give the classes more meaningful names without alphanumeric designations: mikrokar, subcompact, compact, midsize, full-size cars and so on. For example, the Toyota Camry, by European standards, a member of the D-class in the United States falls under the definition of a mid-size car.

A separate category is for all types of vehicles. For example, crossovers and SUVs, the SUVs are also classified according to the dimensions and volume: subcompact, compact, mid-size and full-size. The most popular SUV – the Renault Duster belongs to the subcompact, although the length (4315 mm) exceeds the standard for this segment up to 4200 mm. And such examples, once again confirming the entire Convention classification including in the US, a lot.